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How to write a thesis

European higher education online

How to write a thesis

master’s thesis requirements

Master’s thesisis a qualifying work in which the student must show professional knowledge of the theory and practice of the subject area, the ability to solve specific problems in the field of their professional activity.
Master’s thesis should consist of the following parts:
• Title page
• Content
• Annotation
• Introduction
• Problem statement
• Review of existing solutions to the problem under consideration or its modifications
the • Research and the construction of the problem solution
• Description of the practical part
• Conclusion
• References

Requirements for the content of the above parts of the master’s thesis
• Abstract (no more than half a page) contains the formulation of the problem and the main results
• Introduction should describe the subject area, which includes the problem solved in the master’s thesis, contain its informal description;
• Formulation of the problem should contain the formulation of the problem in the framework of a specific model of the subject area, which includes the problem to be solved, the requirements for the desired solution in terms of the used model of the subject area
• The review should contain clearly formulated goals and criteria of comparison
• The conclusion (no more than 1 page) should contain a brief statement of the results of the work submitted to the defense and agreed for the purpose of the work.

Requirements for the text of the master’s thesis
• Text should be formatted according to  c requirements•
The text should be written by the student yourself (if the student is caught plagiarizing, the work can be removed from the protection) and presented to the protection in a bound form.

  1. Document sheets are numbered. The pages of the document and the annexes that make up the document should be numbered end-to-end.
    2. The text of the document is divided into sections and subsections.
    Sections should be numbered throughout the document in Arabic numerals without a dot. Subsections should be numbered within each section. The subsection number consists of the section and subsection numbers separated by a dot. There is no dot at the end of the subsection number. Sections, as well as subsections, may consist of one or more items.

3. Sections, subsections should have Wugolovki.headings should clearly and concisely reflect the content of sections, subsections. Headings should be capitalized without a dot at the end, without underlining. Hyphenated words in titles are not allowed. If the title consists of two sentences, they are separated by a period.

4. Each section of a text document is recommended to start with a new sheet (page).
5. The document contains the content including numbers and names of sections and subsections with indication of page numbers. The word «Content» is written in the form of a title (symmetrically to the text) with a capital letter. The names included in the table of contents are written in lowercase letters starting with a capital letter.
6. At the end of the text document it is necessary to give a list of literature that was used in its preparation. References in the text are obligatory. References are included in the content of the document.

Design of illustrations, appendices, tables, footnotes

1.Illustrations can be placed both in the text of the document (possibly closer to the corresponding parts of the text) and at the end of it. The illustrations, with the exception of the illustrations of the applications should be numbered in Arabic numerals sequentially numbered. If there is only one figure, it must be designated as «figure 1″. The illustrations of each Annex are numbered separately in Arabic numerals, with the addition of the Annex symbol before the digit. For Example — Figure A. 3. It is allowed to number illustrations within the section. In this case, the illustration number consists of the section number and the sequence number of the illustration, separated by a dot. For Example — Figure 1.1. When referring to illustrations should be written.».. in accordance with figure 2″ with continuous numbering and «… according to figure 1.2» when numbering within a section. Illustrations, if necessary, may have a name and explanatory data (figure text). The word «picture» and the name place after explanatory data and have as follows: figure 1. Parts of the instrument.
2. It is allowed to add material to the text of the document in applications. The Appendix make out as continuation of this document on its subsequent sheets. All annexes should be referenced in the text of the document. The annexes are arranged in order of reference in the text of the document. Each application should start with a new page with the word «Application» and its designation at the top of the page. The application must have a header that is written symmetrically to the text with a capital letter in a separate line. Applications refer to the capital letters of the Russian alphabet, since And, with the exception of the letters E, W, Y, O, B, L, S, b. The word «Annex» is followed by a letter indicating its sequence. It is allowed to designate applications with letters of the Latin alphabet, with the exception of letters I and O. it is allowed to designate applications with Arabic numerals. If there is one Annex in the document, it is referred to as «Annex A». All annexes should be listed in the contents of the document (if any) with their numbers and titles.
4. Footnotes
If it is necessary to clarify the individual data contained in the document, these data should be indicated by Superscript footnotes. Footnotes in the text are placed with a paragraph indentation at the end of the page on which they are marked, and separated from the text by a short thin horizontal line on the left side, and to the data located in the table at the end of the table above the line indicating the end of the table. The footnote sign is put directly after the word, number, symbol, sentence to which the explanation is given, and before the text of the explanation. The footnote sign is made in Arabic numerals with a bracket and placed at the level of the upper edge of the font.
Example.» — .. printing device 2)…»
It is allowed to make footnotes with asterisks instead of numbers:* it is not recommended to Use more than four asterisks.

1.1. Master’s thesis is a certification work performed by a graduate student on the basis of research conducted under the supervision of a supervisor.
1.2. The purpose of writing a master’s thesis is to show the ability and professional readiness of a graduate student to conduct research in accordance with the chosen specialty, which serves as the basis for awarding him an academic degree «master
1.3. To achieve the goal of writing a master’s thesis, a master’s student must:
— to conduct a theoretical study to substantiate the scientific idea and essence of the phenomenon or process under study;
— to justify the methodology, to analyze the phenomenon or process, to identify trends and patterns of its development on the basis of specific industry data, group of companies;
— to develop specific proposals for the improvement and development of the phenomenon or process under study.
1.4. The theme of the master’s thesis should be relevant, of scientific and practical interest and correspond to the chosen master’s degree.
1.5. The structure of the master’s thesis is similar to the structure of the thesis and contains the following elements: the title page, abstract, content, introduction, main part, conclusion, list of references and applications.
1.6. The title page of the master’s thesis is drawn up in accordance with the requirements.
1.7. Requirements for the abstract and the content of master’s theses are similar to the rules of the abstract and the content of the thesis.
1.8. The introduction substantiates the relevance of the topic master’s thesis, defines its purpose, formulated the tasks that need to be solved to achieve this goal, selected research methods.
1.9. The main part of the work includes two to four sections, which are divided into subsections. Each section (subsection) is devoted to solving the problems formulated in the introduction, and ends with the conclusions, which came undergraduate as a result of research.
1.10. Execution of the conclusion, the list of used sources and applications is carried out in the same way as in the thesis.
1.11. the Volume of master’s work – 100 pages of printed text, made after 1.5 line spacing (38-41 lines per page). 
2. The order of submission and examination of the master’s thesis
2.1. On registration and preparation for the defense of a master’s thesis for an academic master’s degree curriculum provides for a period of not less than two months.
2.2. The implementation of the master’s thesis is carried out under the guidance of a supervisor who advises the undergraduate on the problem of research, monitors the implementation of the individual plan and is responsible for research, quality and timely implementation of the master’s thesis.
2.3. The master’s thesis is submitted to the relevant Department three weeks before its defense in the form of a reset.
2.4. On the master’s thesis supervisor prepares a review, which reflected:
— the field of science, the relevance of the topic;
— specific personal participation of the author in the development of provisions and obtaining the results set out in the thesis, the reliability of these provisions and results;
degree of novelty, scientific and practical significance of the research results; < / strong >
— economic and social significance of the results;
— testing and use of the main provisions and results.
2.5. Approved by the head of the Department to defend the master’s thesis is sent for review, which is carried out by two reviewers: internal – doctor or candidate of Sciences, working at the University, and external – a specialist in the field, not being employees of your University.
4. The order of defense of the master’s thesis
4.1. Defense of the master’s thesis is held at an open meeting of the Commission
4.2. Thesis defense should be in the nature of discussion and take place with high demands, integrity and preservation of generally accepted ethics.
Those present at the defense of the master’s thesis are not members of the Commission have the right to ask questions to the applicant for a master’s degree and participate in the discussion. Members of the Commission have the primary right to ask questions. The order is established by the Chairman of the Commission.
4.3. The duration of protection of one work, as a rule, should not exceed 30 minutes. For the report on the content of the work, the applicant for a master’s degree is given no more than 10 minutes to respond to the comments of reviewers – no more than 5 minutes. Questions of members of the Commission and attendees and answers to them – no more than 5 minutes. Speech of the supervisor – up to 5 minutes. The final word of the master’s degree applicant – no more than 5 minutes.
4.4. Master’s degree student who defended the thesis is awarded a master’s degree and a master’s degree of the established sample.
4.5. A master student who has not defended his thesis is allowed to re-defend it only once a year.

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