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How to write an abstract

European higher education online

How to write an abstract

ABSTRACT (from the Latin Referre — report, report) — a small oral presentation, a statement in writing of any scientific work, the content of the book read, and the like; a report on any topic based on a review of various sources.

Usually the purpose of the abstract is to demonstrate students ‘ knowledge of a particular subject, topic or problem and practical skills of analysis of scientific and methodological literature.
Abstract, as any document is written and executed in accordance with certain rules and standards. At least 20 pages.

Work with the theme of the abstract: the theme of the abstract is usually selected from the General list and agreed with the teacher. The topic should be interesting to the student. When working on the abstract it is recommended to use at least 4-5 sources.

The process of work is better divided into the following stages:

Identify and highlight the problem
On the basis of primary sources independently to study a problem
To review the selected literature
It is logical to present the material

Structure and content of the abstract

Introduction — the purpose and objectives of the work, the rationale for the choice of topic and its relevance. The volume of 1-2 pages.
The main part, unlike the Course work and the Semester project, consists of only two chapters

1st theoretical Chapter,
2nd practical Chapter.

When writing chapters covers the history of the issue, shows the level of development of the problem in theory and practice on the basis of comparative analysis of the literature studied. The volume of the main part is not less than 15 pages.
Conclusion — conclusions and proposals are formed. It should be brief, clear, the conclusions should follow from the content of the main part. The volume of 1-3 pages.

List of used literature. The list of references should be fresh, sources 5-7 years ago, it is rare to use early works, provided they are unique.
Sources are listed in the following order:

legislative literature, if any;
basic and periodic;
Internet sources, if any.

In the abstract there can be applications in the form of diagrams, questionnaires, diagrams and other things. Drawings and tables are welcome in the design of the abstract.

Technical requirements for the text of the abstract are the same as for the course work (see «Rules of registration»).